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Glossary


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


F

Faecal coliforms

 

These are a sub-group of coliform bacteria and are more accurate indicators of faecal pollution due to their growth at high temperatures.

 
Farm forestry

 

The practice of cultivating and managing trees in compact blocks on agriculture lands.

 
Fauna

 

Animal life in an area.

 
Floodplains

 

Flat area next to rivers, made up of soils deposited during flooding.

 
Flora

 

Plant life in an area.

 
Floristic equilibrium

 

The species composition of a flora when there is no further internally or externally generated change.

 
Food chain

 

An abstract representation of the links between consumers and consumed populations, e.g. plant–herbivore–carnivore.

 
Forest

 

Land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 metres and a canopy cover of more than 10 per cent, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ. It does not include land that is predominantly under agricultural or urban land use.

 
Forest area

 

The area recorded as a forest in the Government records. It is also referred as ‘Recorded forest area’.

 
Forest blank

 

A patch within a forest which bear few or no trees.

 
Forest cover

 

All lands, more than one hectare in area, with a tree canopy density of more than 10% irrespective of ownership and legal status. Such lands may not necessarily be a recorded forest area. It also includes orchards, bamboo and palm.

 
Forest degradation

 

Changes within the forest that negatively affect the structure or function of the stand or site, and thereby lower the capacity to supply products and/or services.

 
Forest management

 

The processes of planning and implementing practices for the stewardship and use of forests and other wooded land aimed at achieving specific environmental, economic, social and/or cultural objectives.

 
Forest inventory

 

The measurement of certain parameters of forests to assess the growing stand and stock and other characteristics of forests.

 
Fynbos

 

Low-growing and evergreen vegetation found only in the South Western Cape. Fynbos is known for its rich biodiversity.