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                                                       West Bengal Hills

Physiography:   West Bengal state of the country is comprised of 19 districts. Only Darjeeling district forms the hill region of West Bengal under Eastern Himalaya. The eastern frontier of the hill region lies along the rivers Tista and Rangit; beyond it is Rishi-La and Bhutan. The lower regions of the Labyrinth hilly forest-clad ridges have been cleared for the cultivation of world famous Darjeeling tea.Darjeeling district lies between 26o 31' - 27o 13' N latitudes and 87o  59'-88o53''Elongitudes.


                          West Bengal Hills at a glance

Date of Formation 15/08/1947
Geographical area (km2 3,149
Population (2011)  18,46,823 [Males: 9,37,259; Females: 9,09,564]
Language Nepali, Bengali, Hindi
Major rivers  Tista, Jaldhaka, Mahanadi, Balasan, Mechi, and Rangit
Forest cover (2013)  75.52%
National parks Neora Valley, Singhalila
Major wildlife sanctuaries Mahananda, Senchal
Rural population (2011) 11,18,860 [Males: 5,66,965; Females: 5,51,895]
No. of inhabited village 620
Agricultural land (2001) 43.5% of total geographical area
Population density (2001)  510/ km2
Litrates (2011)   13,15,585 [Male:7,17,673; Female: 5,97,912]
Literacy rate (2011)  NA
Sex ratio (2011)  NA
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes  16.09% and 12.69% of total population respectively
Major tribal communities of WB Baiga, Bhutia, Birhor, Chakma, Garo, Gond, Ho, Lepcha, Magh
Major source of occupation Agriculture 
Major industries  Tea, tourism 
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of West Bengal
  • District Website of West Bengal Hills (Darjeeling)