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                                                          Uttarakhand

Physiography:   Uttarakhands located between 28o 43' – 31o 27' N latitudes and 77o 34' – 81o 02' E longitudes. The river Tons separates the state from Himachal Pradesh in the north-west, whereas the river Kali separates it from Nepal in the east. The greater Himalaya is the northern boundary of the state and is also the international boarder with China (Tibet). Foot-hills in the south are bounded by Uttar Pradesh. Starting from the foot hills in the south, the state extends upto the snow-clad peaks of the Himadri making the Indo-Tibetan boundary. The region, being situated centrally in the long sweep of the Himalaya, forms a transitional zone between the per-humid eastern and the dry to sub-humid western Himalaya. Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on 9 November 2000. Historically, Uttarakhand is believed to be the land where Vedas and the Shastras were composed and the great epic, the Mahabharata, was written.

Uttarakhand at a glance 

Date of Formation                                       9/11/2000
Area (km2 53,483
Capital (provisional) Dehradun
Number of districts 13
Population (2011)  1,00,86292 [Males: 51,37,773; Females: 49,48,519]
Major language Hindi, Garhwali and Kumauni
Major rivers  Ganga, Yamuna, Saraju, Kali 
Forest cover (2013) 45.82% of total geographical area 
National parks Gangotri, Nanda Devi, Rajaji, Corbett, Govind, Valley of Flowers
Major wildlife sanctuaries Askot, Kedarnath, Sonanadi, Binsar, Govind Pashu Vihar
Rural population (2011) 70,36,954 [Males: 3519042; Females: 35,17,912]
No. of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 87 and 16,826
Agricultural land (2001) 14.25% of total geographical area
Per capita income (1999-2000)  Rs. 12,000 /- 
Population density (2011)  189/km2
Birth rate (2009)  19.7/thousand* 
Death rate (2009)  6.5/thousand* 
Infant mortality rate (2009) 41/thousand*
Litrates (2011)   68,80,953 [Male: 38,63,708; Female: 30,17,245]
Literacy rate (2011)  78.82% [Male: 87.4%; Female: 70.01%]
Sex ratio (2011)  963 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes/Schedule Tribes 17.87% and 3.02% of total population respectively
Number of Schedule Cates 66
Number of Schedule Tribes 5
Major tribal communities Tharu, Buksa, Bhotia, Jaunsri and Raji
Major source of occupation Agriculture, forestry 
Major industries  Tourism, medicinal herb, handicrafts, handloom, agro-based industries, tea
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Uttarakhand
  • Districts Websites of Uttarakhand
  • Other Important Links of Uttarakhand
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