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                                                                      Tripura

Physiography:   Tripura lies between 22o 56' – 24o 32' N latitudes and 90o 09' – 92o 20' E longitudes. It is one of the remotest northeastern states of India and is bounded on three sides by Bangladesh (about 84% international border) and on northeast by Assam and Mizoram. It is strategically situated between the river valleys of Myanmar and Bangladesh. The state has hills and sub-mountains in the central and eastern region. The main rivers of the state are - Gumti, Manu, Dhalai and Khowai. The other rivers are: Juri, Langai, Deo, Surma, Raima, Laogang and Mukari, etc. The state’s climate is tropical moist or warm and humid and temperature varies from 10oC to 35oC. The rainfall varies from 1,811 mm (at Sonamura) to 2,855 mm (at Kamalpur) with annual average of 2,100 mm in the state.

Tripura at a glance

Date of Formation 21/01/1972
Geographical area (km2 10,486
Capital Agartala
Number of districts 8
Population (2011)  36,73,917 [Males: 18,74,376; Females: 17,99,541]
Major language Bengali and Kakborak
Major rivers  Gumti, Manu, Dhalai, Khowai 
Forest cover (2013)  75.01% of total geographical area
Major wildlife sanctuaries Gumti, Trishna
Rural population (2011) 27,12,464 [Males: 13,87,173; Females: 13,25,291]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 23 and 870
Agricultural land (2001) 29.6% of total geographical area
Per capita income (NSDP) (2001-02)  Rs. 6813/- (quick estimate) (at 1993-94 prices). 
Population density (2011)  350/km
Birth rate (2009)  14.8/thousand*
Death rate (2009)  5.1/thousand*
Infant mortality rate (2009) 34/thousand*
Litrates (2011)   28,04,783 [Male: 15,01,369; Female: 13,03,414]
Literacy rate (2011)  87.22% [Male: 91.53%; Female: 87.73%]
Sex ratio (2011)  960 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes 17.37% and 31.05% of total population respectively 
Number of Schedule Castes 32
Number of Schedule Tribes 19
Major tribal communities Bhil, Bhutia, Chaima, Chakma, Garoo, Halam, Jamatai, Khasia and  Kuki (with more than twenty sub-tribes)
Major source of occupation Agriculture 
Major industries  Handloom, handicrafts, tea 
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Tripura
  • Districts Websites of Tripura
  • Other Important Links of Tripura
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