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Physiography: Nagaland lies between 25o 6' – 27o 4' N latitudes and 93o 20' – 95o 15' E longitudes in the extreme north-east of India. The state is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh on the north, Assam on west, Manipur on south and Myanmar on the east. The state is tight-packed with north-south aligned ranges defined by narrow and parallel valleys. The altitude of the state varies from 100 to 3,840 m (Saramati, the highest peak), which makes favourable conditions for growing different varieties of tropical and sub-tropical fruits, vegetables and cereal crops, etc.The main rivers are: Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu. The rapid changes in topography result in climatic changes within short span of time. The foot-hill plains sheltered valleys and the hill ranges are marked with climatic contrasts. The average rainfall of the state varies between 200 to 250 cm.  

Nagaland at a glance

Date of Formation 1/12/1963
Geographical area (km2 16,579
Capital Kohima
Number of districts 8
Population (2011)  19,78,502 [Males: 10,24,649; Females: 9,53,853]
Major language English, Ao, Konyak, Angami, Seema and Lotha
Major rivers  Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu 
Forest cover (2013) 78.68% of total geographical area
National park Intanki
Major wildlife sanctuaries Puliebadze, Rangapahar
Rural population (2011) 14,07,536 [Males: 7,25,472; Females: 6,82,064]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 9 and 1,317
Agricultural land (2001) 38.4% of total geographical area
Per capita income (1999-00)  Rs. 8726/- (at 1993-94 prices). 
Population density (2011)  119/ km2
Birth rate (2009) 17.2/thousand*
Death rate (2009) 3.6/thousand*
Infant mortality rate (2009) 26/thousand *
Litrates (2011)   13,42,434 [Male: 7,23,957; Female: 6,18,477]
Literacy rate (2011)  79.55% [Male: 82.75%; Female: 76.11%]
Sex ratio (2011)  931 (females per 1000 males) 
Schedule Tribes  89.15% of total population
Number of Schedule Castes 0
Number of Schedule Tribes 5
Major tribal communities Naga, Kuki, Kachari, Mikir and Garo
Major sources of occupation   Agriculture (84% of total occupation) 
Major industries  Sugar, pulp & paper, handicrafts 
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Nagaland
  • Districts Websites of Nagaland
  • Other Important Links of Nagaland