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Physiography: Mizoram lies between 210 58' - 240 35' N latitudes and 920 15' - 930 29' E longitudes. The state is bounded by Tripura and Bangladesh on its west, the Chin hills of Myanmar on its east and south, and by Manipur and Assam on its north. Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, rivers and lakes. As many as 21 hill ranges of different heights run through the length and breadth of the state. The terrain has variegated topography, extremely rugged leaving some plains scattered in the state. Hills in the state extend from north to south with an inclination to be higher in east to the territory and tapering in the north and south. The average height of the hills is about 900 m. Blue Mountain is the highest peak (2,210 m) of the state. Mizoram has an abundance of trees, bushes, plants, shrubs and grasses. There are many rivers in the state and some of them are the Tlawng, Tuirail, Tuiwal, and Koladyne. The climate of the state exhibits a strong seasonal rhythm. Normally the state has four seasons – winter, pre-monsoon, monsoon and retreating monsoon. Annual rainfall varies from a minimum of 100 cm to a maximum of 300 cm with an average of 250 cm. Mizoram has the distinction of having the highest percentage (94.46%) of its total population as scheduled tribe population in the country.

Mizoram at a glance

Date of Formation  20/02/1987
Geographical area (km2 21,081
Capital Aizawl
Number of districts 8
Population (2011)  10,97,206 [Males: 5,55,339; Females: 5,41,867]
Major language Mizo and English
Major rivers  Tlawng, Tuirail, Tuiwal, Koladyne
Forest cover (2013) 90.38% of total geographical area
National parks Murlen, Phowngpui Blue Mountain
Major wildlife sanctuaries Dampa, Langtang, Ngengpui
Rural population (2011) 5,25,435 [Males: 2,69,135; Females: 2,56,300]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 22 and 817
Agricultural land (2001) 21.2% of total geographical area
Per capita income (1996-97)  Rs.9,570/- (per annum). 
Population density (2011)  52/km2
Birth rate (2009)  17.6/thousand*
Death rate (2009)  4.5/thousand*
Infant mortality rate (2009) 36/thousand*
Litrates (2011)   8,48,175 [Male: 4,38,529; Female: 4,09,646]
Literacy rate (2011)  91.33% [Male: 93.35%; Female: 89.27%]
Sex ratio (2011)  976 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes 0.03% and 94.46% of total population respectively 
Number of Schedule Castes 16
Number of Schedule Tribes 14
Major tribal communities Chakma, Dimasa (Kachari), Garo, Hajong, Hmar, Khasi , Jaintia (including Synteng, Pnar, War, Bhoi or Lyngngam), Kuki (with more than thirty-eight sub-tribes), Lakher, Man, Mizo, Mikir, Pawl, Naga
Major sources of occupation Agriculture (60% of the state’s population engaged in it) 
Major industries  Handloom, handicrafts, agro-based industries, sericulture 
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Mizoram
  • Districts Websites of Mizoram
  • Other Important Links of Mizoram