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Physiography: Meghalaya lies between 25° 1' – 26° 5' N latitudes and 85° 49' – 92° 52' E longitudes. The state is bounded by Assam on its east, north and north-west and by Bangladesh on the south and south-west. The Khasi hills and Jaintia hills, which form the central and eastern parts of Meghalaya, respectively, are imposing plateaus with rolling grasslands, hills and river valleys

Meghalaya at a glance

Date of Formation 2/4/1970
Geographical area (km2 22,429
Capital Shillong
Number of districts 7
Population (2011)  29,66,889 [Males: 14,91,832; Females: 14,75,057]
Major language Khasi, Garo and English
Major rivers  Ildek, Dudnai, Krishnai, Jinari, Didak, Jinjiram, Mahadeo, Moheshkali, Someshwari 
Forest cover (2013) 77.08% of total geographical area
National parks Nokrek, Balphakram
Major wildlife sanctuaries Nongkhyllum, Siju
Rural population (2011) 23,71,439 [Males: 11,94,260; Females: 11,77,179]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 16 and 6,034
Agricultural land (2001) 48.2% of total geographical area
Per capita income (NSDP) (2001-02)  Rs. 8827/- (advanced estimate) (at 1993-94 prices)
Population density (2011)  132/km2
Birth rate (2009)  24.4/thousand*
Death rate (2009)  8.1/thousand*
Infant mortality rate (2009) 59/thousand *
Litrates (2011)   17,85,005 [Male: 9,13,879; Female: 8,71,126]
Literacy rate (2011)  74.43% [Male: 75.95%; Female: 72.89%]
Sex ratio (2011)  989 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes 0.48% and 85.94% of total population respectively 
Number of Schedule Castes 16
Number of Schedule Tribes 17
Major tribal communities Chakma, Dimasa, Garo, Hajong, Hmar, Khasi (Jaintia, Pnar, Bhoi, Lyngngam, War, Synteng)  Kuki ( with more than forty sub-tribes), Lakher, Man, Mikir, Pawl, Synteng, Koch, Raba and Boro kachari
Major Sources of Income  Agriculture (80% of the total population depend on it) 
Major industries  Cement, small-scale industries 
#Provisional figure of 2002 from SRS, Office of the Registrar General of India, Ministry of Home Affairs.
External Links
  • Official website of Meghalaya
  • Districts Websites of Meghalaya
  • Other Important Links of Meghalaya