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                                                                     Manipur

Physiography:   Manipur lies between 230 80' to 250 68' N latitudes and 930 03' to 940 78' E longitudes. The state is bounded by Nagaland on north, Mizoram on south, Myanmar on east and Cachar district of Assam on west. Geographically, the state is divided into two tracts; the hills and the plains. The eastern wing of the Himalaya, specially its lower hills, constitutes an important feature of the landscape of Manipur. Some of the mountains are quite high like a peak on the Nagaland-Manipur border, which is more than 3,000 m in height. There are a number of rivers in the state; these are: Barak, Manipur, Iril, Jiri, Makru, Irang, Khuga, Chapki and Tizo, etc. Barak and its tributaries constituted the plains of the state. The state‚Äôs capital Imphal is situated on the bank of Barak river.

Manipur at a glance

Date of Formation 21/01/1972
Geographical area (km2 22,327
Capital Imphal
Number of districts 9
Population (2011)  25,70,390 [Males: 12,90,171; Females: 12,80,219]
Major language Manipuri
Major rivers  Barak, Iril, Jiri, Makru, Irang, Khuga, Chapki
Forest cover (2013) 76.10% of total geographical area
National park Keibul-Lamjao
Wildlife sanctuary Yangoupokpi-Lokchao
Rural population (2011) 17,36,236 [Males: 8,78,469; Females: 8,57,767]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 37 and 2,275
Agricultural land (2001) 7.3% of total geographical area
Per Capita income (NSDP) (2000-01)  Rs. 8745/- (Quick Estimate) (At 1993-94 Prices)
Population density (2011)  115/km2
Birth rate (2009)  15.4/thousand* 
Death rate (2009)  4.7/thousand*
Infant mortality rate (2009) 14/thousand *
Litrates (2011)   17,68,181 [Male: 9,60,015; Female: 8,08,166]
Literacy rate (2011)  79.21% [Male: 86.06%; Female: 72.37%]
Sex ratio (2011)  992 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes  2.51% and 39.96% of total population respectively 
Number of Schedule Castes 7
Number of Schedule Tribes 29
Major tribal communities Aimol, Anal, Angami, Chiru, Chothe, Gangte, Hmar, Kabul, Kacha Naga, Koirao, Koireng, Kom, Lamgang, Mao, Maram, Maring, Mizo, Monsang, Moyon, Paite, Puum, Ralte, Sema, Simte, Suhte, Tangkhul, Thadou, Vaiphul and Zou
Major sources of income  Agriculture 
Major industries Handicrafts, steel, cement, electronics
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Manipur
  • Districts Websites of Manipur
  • Other Important Links of Manipur
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