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                                                        Jammu & Kashmir

Physiography:   Jammu & Kashmir, located in the extreme north of the country, is situated between 320 17' and 370 5' N latitudes and 720 40' and 800 30' E longitudes. It is bounded on north by China, on east by Tibet, on south by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and on west by Pakistan. Geographically, this state is divided into four zones – the mountainous and semi-mountainous plain known as Kandi belt, hills including Siwalik ranges, mountains of Kashmir valley and Pir Panjal range, and Tibetan tract of Ladakh and Kargil. The state has a number of lakes, rivers, rivulets and glacial regions. The important rivers of this state are Indus, Chenab and Sutlej (Jhelum).

Jammu & Kashmir at a glance

Date of Formation 26/10/1947
Geographical area (km2 2,22,236#
Capital Srinagar
Number of districts 22
Population (2011)  12,54,1302 [Males: 66,40,662; Females: 59,00,640]
Major languages Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu
Major rivers  Indus, Chenab, Sutlej 
Forest cover (2013) 10.14% of total geographical area
National parks Hemis, Kistwar
Major wildlife sanctuaries Changthang, Karakoram, Overa-Aru
Rural population (2011) 91,08,060 [Males: 47,74,477; Females: 43,33,583]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 75 and 6,652
Agricultural land (2001) 4.7% of total geographical area
Per capita income (NSDP) (1999-2000)  Rs. 7435/- (at 1993-94 prices) 
Population density (2011)  124/km2
Birth rate (2009)  18.6/thousand* 
Death rate (2009)  5.7/thousand* 
Infant mortality rate 45/thousand *
Litrates (2011)   70,67,233 [Male: 42,64,671; Female: 28,02,562]
Literacy rate (2011)  67.16% [Male: 76.75%; Female: 56.43%]
Sex ratio (2011) 889 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes & Schedule Tribes population (% in total population)  7.59% and 10.9% 
Major tribal communities Balti, Beda, Boto, Brokpa, Drokpa, Chnagpa, Garra, Mon, Purigpa, Gujjar, Bakarwal, Gaddi, and Sippi
Number of Schedule Castes  13
Number of Schedule Tribes 8
Major source of occupation Agriculture (80% of total occupation) 
Major industries  Handicrafts & handlooms 
#Included 78,114 and 37,555 km2 occupied by Pakistan and China, respectively, and 5,180 km2 handed over by Pakistan to China
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India
External Links
  • Official Website of Jammu & Kashmir
  • Districts Websites of Jammu & Kashmir
  • Other Important Links of Jammu & Kashmir