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                                                       Himachal Pradesh             

Physiography:  Himachal Pradesh lies between the latitudes 30o 23' – 33 o 13' N and longitudes 75 o 43' -79 o 4' E. The state is bounded by Uttaranchal on the southeast, Tibet on the east, Punjab on the west and southwest, Haryana on south and Jammu & Kashmir on the north. It is situated in the northwest corner of the India; right in the lap of Himalayan ranges. The altitudinal variation ranges between 460 meters to 6,600 meters above mean sea level. The state is divided into three zones – the Siwaliks or the outer Himalaya, the low mountains which have less altitude in comparison to great mountains in the middle, and the zone of the Zanskar (high peaks of Himalaya). Many parts of this state are snow bound from December to April.

Himachal Pradesh at a glance                                                                                                                         

Date of Formation 25/01/1971
Geographical Area 55,673 km2
Capital Shimla
Number of districts 12
Population (2011)  68,64,602 [Males: 34,81,873; Females: 33,82,729]
Major language Hindi and Pahari
Major rivers   Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Yamuna
Forest cover (2011)  26.37% of total geographical area
National parks Pin Valley, Greater Himalayan National Park
Major wildlife sanctuaries Dhauladhar, Kibber, Kugti, Sangla, Pong lake, Nargu, Rupi Bhaba
Rural population (2011) 61,76,050 [Males: 31,10,345; Females: 30,65,705]
Number of towns and villages including un-inhabited villages (2001) 57 and 20,118
Agricultural land (2001) 14.5% of total geographical area
Per capita income (NSDP) (2000-01)  Rs. 10942/- (quick estimate) (at 1993-94 prices). 
Population density (2011)  123/km2
Birth rate (2009) 17.2/thousand*
Death rate (2009)  7.2/thousand* 
Infant mortality rate  45/thousand *
Litrates (2011)   50,39,736 [Male: 27,52,590; Female: 22,87,146]
Literacy rate (2011)  82.8% [Male: 89.53%; Females: 75.93%]
Sex ratio (2011) 972 (females per 1000 males)
Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes 24.72% and 4.02% of total population respectively
Number of Schedule Castes 56
Number of Schedule Tribes 8
Major tribal communities Bhot or Bodh, Gaddi, Gujjar, Jad, Kinnara, Lahaula, Pangwala, Swangla
Major source of occupation Agriculture (75% of total occupation) 
Major industries  Agro-horticulture, herbal, wool, sericulture and electronics 
*Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
External Links
  • Official website of Himanchal Pradesh
  • Districts Websites of Himachal Pradesh
  • Other Important Links of Himachal Pradesh